Sonnet 18 explanation line by line

Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer’s Day? Explanation

a) Thou art more lovely and more temperate:
Explanation: Summer is similar to a lease that has a short duration.

b) Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May

Explanation: The poet personifies death as a wandering entity that moves around his ‘shade.’ This comparison implies that the poet’s beloved is above all a living being and even natural phenomena.

c) And summer’s lease hath all too short a date

Explanation: The poet compares the harshness /cruelty of summer weather with the delicate/soft spring flowers, which are suffering under the summer’s heat.

d) Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,
e) And often is his gold complexion dimm’d;

Explanation: The line tells us that Shakespeare’s beloved is lovelier and her beauty is milder than that of a summer day.

f) And every fair from fair sometime declines,
g) By chance or nature’s changing course untrimm’d;

Explanation: The poet says that his friend’s beauty surpasses that of a summer day. Unlike things that are considered ‘fair’ or beautiful, which are subject to decline, his friend’s beauty will remain the same even in the face of death.

h) But thy eternal summer shall not fade,
i) Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow’st;

Explanation: The poet implies that his poetry will be eternal, as he asserts that his beloved’s beauty will endure as long as his poem survives.

j) Nor shall death brag thou wander’st in his shade,
k) When in eternal lines to time thou grow’st:

Explanation: The speaker is stating that all beautiful things will eventually lose their charm, either by chance or by the natural flow of time.

l) So long as men can breathe or eyes can see,
m) So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.

Explanation: Here the speaker describes the sun’s varying behaviour. At times, the sun may be scorching hot, while at other times it may be completely hidden from view.
Next Post Previous Post
No Comment
Add Comment
comment url