Kuakata, locally known as Sagar Kannya (Daughter of the Sea) is a rare scenic spot located on the southernmost tip of Bangladesh. Kuakata in Latachapli union under Kalapara Police Station of Patuakhali district is about 30 km in length and 6 km in breadth. It is 70 km from Patuakhali district headquarters and 320 km from Dhaka. An excellent combination of the picturesque natural beauty, sandy beaches, blue sky and the shimmering expanse of water of the Bay of Bengal and the evergreen forest makes Kuakata a much sought after tourist destination.
The name Kuakata takes its origin from the story of a “Kua”- or well-dug on the sea shore by the early Rakhaine settlers for collecting drinking water. The Rakhaines had landed on Kuakata coast after being expelled from Arakan by the Mughals. Following the first well, it became a tradition to dig wells in the neighborhood of Rakhaine homesteads for fresh water supply.
Kuakata is one of the unique spots which allow a visitor to watch both the sunrise and the sunset from the beach. That perhaps makes Kuakata one of the world’s most attractive beaches. The long and wide beach at Kuakata has a typical natural setting. This sandy beach slopes gently into the Bay and bathing there is as pleasant as is swimming or diving.
Kuakata is truly a virgin beach and a sanctuary for migratory winter birds. Fishing boats plying in the Bay of Bengal with colourful sails, surfing waves and the lines of coconut trees add to the vibrant colours Kuakata. The indigenous culture of the Rakhaine community and hundred year old Buddhist temples indicate the age – old tradition and cultural heritage of this area.
Kuakata is also a holy land for the Hindus and Buddhists. Each year thousands of devotees come here to attend the festivals Rash Purnima and Maghi Purnima. On these two days, pilgrims take holy bath and enjoy going to the traditional fairs.
A. Choose the correct answer from the alternatives:
(a) The word ‘located’ in line 1 could be best replaced by --
(i) local people
(b) At Kuakata, visitors can take pleasure in watching from the sea beach ---
(i) only the sunrise
(ii) only the sunset
(iii) both the sunrise and the sunset✓
(c) The word 'Shimmering' in the text could be best replaced by-
(d) ‘Scenic spot’ refers to-
(i) a place having multiple scenes
(ii) a place having a calm atmosphere
(iii) a place of unparalleled natural beauty✓
(iv) a place having untidy spots
(e) Where did the Rakhine live earlier?
(i) On Kuakata coast
(ii) in Patuakhali district
(iii) Southemmost tip of India
(iv) in Arakan✓
(f) The word 'devotee' stands for-
(i) a person who is devoted to something✓
(ii) a person who is hostile to somebody
(iii) a person who is devoid of something
(iv) a person who has no dwelling place
(g) Kuakata is is truly a ya virgin beach and a sanctuary for migratory winter birds - What does it imply?
(i) It is an unused beach
(ii) it is a habitat for migratory birds
(iii) it is an abode of winter birds
(iv) All the above statements are correct✓
(h) In Kuakata tourism can be a detrimental -source of earning money.
(i) What does the word 'settler' in the passage mean?
(j) Why is Kuakata a much sought after tourist destination?
(i) For an excellent combination of the picturesque natural beauty
(ii) Because of sandy beaches and blue sky
(iii) For the simmering expanse of water of the Bay of Bengal
(iv) All of the above answers are correct✓
(k) What does the word ‘Known’ in the passage refer to?
(l) Where is Kuakata located?
(i) in Khulna
(ii) in Patuakhali✓
(iii) in Barishal
(iv) in Bagerhat
(m) The word ‘Indigenous’ mentioned in the passage means –
(n) The word ‘heritage’ mentioned in the passage means-
(o) The Rakhaines originally come from-
(i) Arakan district✓
(ii) Kuakata coast
(iii) Latachapli Union
B. Answer the following questions:
(a) Where does the name ‘Kuakata’ come from?
(b) What is the most unique feature of Kuakata beach?
(c) Why would one visit Kuakata?
(d) What are the things that add to the beauties of Kuakata?
(e) What, according to the text, makes Kuakata a much sought after tourist destination?