Important Summary for class 12 English

1. Dream have fascinated..... well being.

Summary: Dreams have been a fascinating subject to philosophers for thousands of years. Now, it has become a topic for empirical research and scientific study. Dreams are the experienced images, thoughts and emotions that may be joyful or frightening, confusing or unclear or understandable. But researchers are yet to find out the real purpose of dream; science is trying to explain it. Some of the scholars suggest that dreams serve no real purpose, but others believe it has something to do with mental or physical well-being.

2. All people dream, but not equally.
Those who dream by night in the dusty.... come true.

Summary: According to the poem, the dreams of all people are not the same. Some people dream impractically at night. On the other hand, there are some people who dream with open eyes. The dreamers of the day are dangerous people. They dream to make their goal successful.

3. Hold fast to dreams.... Frozen with snow.

Summary: Everybody must hold his/her dream up. Without dream his/her life will be that of a broken winged bird which cannot fly. We cannot let our dreams die. It is because without dreams, our lives will be frozen with snow.
Important Summary for class 12 English

HSC English 1st paper summary writing

4. As a child you must.... in everyday life.

Summary: Manner and etiquette are parts of culture and tradition. One has to learn manners and etiquette from childhood to live in society as man is a social being. There are some rules of etiquette and manners. One should learn them from parents, families and various institutions. One should remember that one kind of manner is suitable for all the places as they vary from place to place. All should learn them to lead a peaceful life.

Or, This passage is about etiquette and manners. “Etiquette” means the rules of correct behaviour in a society “manners” are the behaviours of a particular society or culture. Children are taught manners and behaviours, according to their culture and tradition. We learn etiquette and manners from our parents, family, neighbors to environment and various institutions. Etiquette and manners vary from society to society. Therefore, we nave to be careful about learning and practicing etiquette and manners in our everyday life. 

5. Blow Blow Thou Winter
Wind..... the green holly.

Summary: In this poem, the protagonist laments over the absence of true love and friendship in human life. The winter wind is biting and unbearable. But it is better than man's ingratitude and false love. The poet also compares false friendship to waters warp which is very transitory. The breath of winter wind is rude and biting but it is better than false friendship.

6. I love to rise in a summer morn,
When the birds sing on every tree;..... winter appear?

Summary: The poem is about the predicament of the school children. The boy wants to rise in the summer morning with the chirping of the birds. But at school, children are controlled with an iron hand which tells upon their mental growth. As a result, the ill-fated boy makes a request to his father to make an arrangement to save him from this suffocating situation. The poet comments that if the children are not allowed freedom, their dreams will be nipped in the bud.

7. The term “diaspora” is used to refer.... is globalization.

Summary: Diaspora is a group of people or community who have left their homelands and settled in other parts of the world. The number of diasporas was increasing because they were forced to go out of their countries for war, political issues, the ravages of nature or the globalization. The diaspora of the Jewish people, the diaspora of the Aryans and the Palestinian diaspora were some great diaspora in the 20 century.

Or, Diaspora represents the group of people who have left their homelands and settled in other countries either on their own or they were forced. Scholars have recently started to study this phenomenon with great interest. The Jewish, the Aryans and the Palestinians are good examples in the history of diaspora. The plight and miseries of the Palestinian diaspora has drawn the attention of the world leaders in the twentieth century. African diaspora is also significant. Globalization is key reason why diaspora is attracting much attention now.

Summary Writing examples for HSC

8. My name is Amerigo. I am 13 years old ..... sleep at night.

Summary: The passage describes the miserable condition of a street child named Amerigo. He had been abandoned by his parents. He makes his shelter in streets. He used to collect and sell trash, but due to the bad impacts of such work on health he left that job. Then he began to work under an ice-cream shop owner. That job was also too difficult for him. Like many other street children, he is deprived of basic human rights. His life is very hard as he has no food or shelter.

Or, Amerigo is a street child. He has to lead an inhuman life. He is deprived of motherly as well as fatherly love and affection. He is shelterless. He has to live in an unhygienic conditions. He is deprived of basic human needs. To earn his bread and butter he has to do some odd and risky jobs.His life may be endangered any time as he has to do some hazardous works. If he falls sick, he does not get medical treatment for want of money. He sometimes remains unfed too. Such as the situation of street children like Amerigo.

9. Bangladesh is blessed with huge inland open water .... for parent fish.

Summary: The passage is about Hakaluki haor - one of the major wetlands of Bangladesh. It is a complex ecosystem, and also an Ecologically Critical Area, declared by the Bangladesh government in 1999. Its rich biodiversity provides people with various benefits. It is a vital source of fisheries resources and helps to produce millions of fries for the entire downstream fishing communities during the early monsoon. However, the beels are losing their capacity due to sand deposits, dewatering technique, lack of aquatic plants, etc.

10. A vast mangrove forest shared by Bangladesh .... about 20 years.

Summary: The largest mangrove forest Sundarbans which falls both in Bangladesh and India accommodates tiger, but the forest is faced with erosion, sea level rise and storm surges. Though the, Sundarban is a natural protection from cyclones, it is threatened by coastline retreat and erosion, which may put the endangered tiger population into extinction. However, coastline retreat occurs both in Bangladeshi and Indian parts. As a result, within very short period of time, the Sundarbans may disappear.

Summary of the poem

11. Kuakata, locally known as Sagar Kannya is..... swimming or driving.

Summary: Kuakata, locally known as the Sagar Kannya is a unique tourist spot as this place is full of natural beauty, sandy beaches, blue sky and shimmering expanse of water of the Bay of Bengal. The name 'Kuakata' came from digging well by the Rakhaine settlers. From this unique place, one can enjoy both sunset and sunrise, which has made it an attractive beach. With its typical setting, Kuakata has sandy beaches, and one can enjoy bathing, swimming and diving here.

12. Anne Frank is ---------- widely read book.

Summary: Anne Frank was a young German girl who went to hiding during World War II to escape from the Nazi. After more than two years in hiding, they were discovered and deported to concentration camps. Anne's father, Otto Frank, is the only one to survive. After death, Anne became world famous of the diary she wrote while in hiding.

[N.B. number 7 exclude (HSC exam 2022)]
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